What is it?
Miscarriage or pregnancy loss, known in the medical field as ‘spontaneous abortion’, occurs when the fetus dies. The woman should pay attention to the issue that comes from her vagina and let the doctors examine it, the doctors may schedule D&C (dilation and curettage) in order to remove the remaining tissue from inside the woman’s uterus. Most of the time miscarriage occurs in the first 12 weeks (first trimester) of pregnancy, repeated miscarriages may affect future pregnancies. Even though a lot of people experience this kind of loss, but it is difficult to carry the feeling of losing a pregnancy.
Signs and symptoms
- Painful contractions
- Severe back pain
- Vaginal bleeding
- The disappearance of symptoms of pregnancy
- Genetic Problems: chromosomal abnormalities (parts of chromosomes attached to each other or detached).
- Infections may cause pregnancy loss
- Smoking & Alcohol: both may increase the risk of miscarriage.
- Mother’s Age: Women older than 36 or younger than 16.
- Previous Miscarriages: past miscarriages may affect the pregnancy, the fear of re-experiencing miscarriage.
- Health Conditions: illnesses such as diabetes, having high blood pressure, or even heart disease.
- Ectopic Pregnancy: ‘ectopic’ means out of place, an ectopic pregnancy is one that is implanting outside of the uterus. This type of pregnancy can be life-threatening.
Confirming a miscarriage
There are different tests that are available to confirm the miscarriage, and there are ones that show the remaining tissue in the woman’s womb, in case of incomplete miscarriage. The first test we can mention and which is using to check the development of the baby is an ultrasound scan, this test helps the doctor to look for a heartbeat. The second test that may be offered is a blood test in order to measure whether hormone levels go up or down. If the woman had recurrent miscarriages, then additional tests will be a necessity, such as; chromosome Testing, this test reveals the abnormalities of the chromosome. Ultrasound scan (sonogram), the test used to check the structure of the woman’s womb.
In addition, test for antiphospholipid syndrome(APS), where the antibodies are made against phospholipids, you can find this in different cells and tissue, and it increases the chance of blood clots which can affect the blood supply to the fetus. We mentioned before the possibility of missed miscarriage (silent miscarriage), which doesn’t have signs such as pain or bleeding. Thus, a routine scan may reveal that the size of the baby is too small for the date of the woman’s pregnancy or the baby appears not to have a heartbeat.
Can a miscarriage be prevented?
Unfortunately, most miscarriages can’t be prevented, especially if the woman had past miscarriages. But, there are things which reduce the risks of miscarriage, we listed below some tips that may help to prevent miscarriage:
- Well balanced and healthy meals
- Avoid smoking and drinking alcohol during prenatal care
- Regular exercising and maintaining weight
- Consulting doctor before taking any kind of medications
After a miscarriage:
Providing psychological support is really important. After miscarriage experience, women suffer from real trauma, stress, and depression. sometimes the feeling of grief, loss, and blame becomes unbearable. especially if the woman took drugs before she knew that she was pregnant, and this mixture of feelings may affect the whole family. Therefore, it is advisable for women to join a support group, and to ask for help if they need it and never be ashamed of doing so, women can also read books in order to learn how to accept the loss, these kinds of activities make women ready to plan for their future pregnancy.
It is not easy to plan future pregnancy. Some women are anxious about their age! others get depressed because of them; a baby is a miracle of love and happiness.
The most valuable advice we can provide is that when a miscarriage happens, partners should focus on things that they have rather than carrying grief and misery.